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Bibliography by Shaane Syed

Page history last edited by PBworks 15 years, 1 month ago



Annotated Bibliography, by Shaane Syed


By Shaane Syed, Storyboard Project Team





1.  Hemingway, Ernest.  "Indian Camp." 1924.

    13 February 2008.  <http://nbu.bg/webs/amb/american/4/hemingway/camp.htm>


This website hosts the entirety of Hemingway's story, "Indian Camp."  The story has been chosen as Storyboard Project's subject for its project and purpose of the course.  The site’s importance as a resource is drawn directly from the point that it needed to be read by all group members; but, its significance also lies with the fact that it is easily accessible and translatable. If it were decided that the text should be inserted into a database or into a text analysis program, the entirety of the story itself could easily be pulled from this host website.

The story begins as Nick, his father, presumably a doctor, and Nick’s uncle are escorted to an Indian camp by some tribesmen in small boats.  By the way Nick begins to speak to his father, and vice versa, the reader understands Nick to be at a young age.  His youth plays an important role in the remainder of the story, as his father tries to protect him from certain events or images at the camp.  His failure at doing so, however, plays an important role in the psychology of the young boy.

Though the short story seems both brief and simple on its surface, in reality, it is so much deeper and more meaningful.  Our group plans to examine the story and Hemingway's psychology thoroughly, starting with close readings using this website.




2. Adobe Dreamweaver.  January 2008.  Adobe Systems, Incorporated. 

    13 February 2008. <http://www.adobe.com/products/dreamweaver/>


Adobe Dreamweaver is the primary software program that our project group will be using.  In the simplest terms, the program is used to “develop websites and applications,” according to the main site.  It uses “Ajax components for building dynamic user interfaces, and intelligent integration with other Adobe software,” meaning, the combination of programming tools developed by Adobe Systems allows novice site builders to create clean, professional-looking pages without stress. 

The benefits of this website and software consist of many factors, such as the full support of Adobe Systems, Incorporated, and all the information tools a website-maker could need.  As the Dreamweaver website shows, some of the features of the software include (pulled from Adobe’s website, describing its software):


                    Integrated workflows


                Design, develop, and maintain content within Adobe® Dreamweaver® CS3 while taking advantage of intelligent integration with other Adobe tools, including Adobe Flash®

                    CS3 Professional, Adobe Fireworks® CS3, Adobe Photoshop® CS3, Adobe Contribute® CS3, and new Adobe Device Central CS3 for creating mobile device content.


                    Complete CSS support


                Discover the advantage of visual CSS tools that make it easy to view, edit, and move styles within and between files, as well as see how your changes will affect the

                design.  Accelerate your workflow with new CSS layouts, and test your design with the new Browser Compatibility Check.


                    Effortless XML


                Quickly integrate XML content using either XSL or the Spry framework for Ajax. Point to an XML file or XML feed URL, and Dreamweaver CS3 will display its contents,

                enabling you to drag and drop appropriate fields onto your page.


Even the earliest of learners can understand that the process of building a website using Dreamweaver is made simpler with the software.  We will be able to create an easy, visually appealing site which corresponds to Hemingway’s story, starting with this website.




3. Lingeman, Richard.  "More Posthumous Hemingway."  The New York Times Company. 25 April 1972.

    13 February 2008. <http://www.nytimes.com/books/99/07/04/specials/hemingway-nick.html>


            The article on this website, written by Robert Lingeman, is not only about Hemingway’s story, “Indian Camp,” but about all of the stories he wrote revolving around the character of Nick Adams.  The significance of this article lies with the analysis and interpretation of Hemingway’s connection to Adams.

            Lingeman, in his piece, suggests that Nick Adams’s stories are, perhaps, memories of Hemingway’s own life.  With this idea in mind, one may be able to look deeper into one, or many, of his stories (such as “Indian Camp”) and see even more of the humanity in Nick.  For example, when his father is delivering the Indian woman’s baby, Nick merely turns away as if he is uninterested, as Hemingway implies when he writes that Nick’s “curiosity had been gone for a long time.”

            In the article, Lingeman states that there had been another story which had been originally a part of “Indian Camp,” called “Three Shots.”  He adds that the latter is clearly seen as an afterthought to the former, and therefore was separated and unpublished.  Lingeman shows that Hemingway, in reality, “amputated” many of his stories, including the more famous ones, such as “Big Two-Hearted River,” and the pattern shown in the content of the amputees.

            The article can be used as a reference for both looking into the significance of Adams in “Indian Camp,” but also finding the ultimate connection between the character Adams and Hemingway himself.





4. DeFazio, Albert J.  "Fitzgerald and Hemingway." 1999.

    13 February 2008.  <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_literary_scholarship/v1999/1999.1defazio.pdf>



            This essay shows a comparative angle to the lives and works of both F. Scott Fitzgerald and Hemingway.  In the essay, DeFazio mentions and examines the role of Nick Adams in the life of Hemingway, and how the character affected his other works.  According to DeFazio, “Hemingway created not only a fictional self, but also a fictional legacy, drawn from the Ojibway culture he observed as a boy”

Though he does not completely surround his essay with the significance or emphasis of Nick Adams and the story of ”Indian Camp” itself, DeFazio explores, in-depth, the life of Hemingway and how he viewed writing as an art form, often linking the art of fishing with the art of writing.  DeFazio claims Hemingway’s depictions of fishing in his work reveals his “artistic vision,” and his belief that “place should function in literary art.”

DeFazio’s essay on both Hemingway and Fitzgerald is interesting in many ways as it looks closely into the parallels between the two authors’ lives and writing.  In terms of the essay’s use for the Storyboard Project, it provides clear points of view on the psychology of Hemingway and how he may have drawn from many aspects when writing his stories.  Not only could he have taken from his own life’s memories, such as from his influence from the Ojibway culture, but also from other authors, and from other aspects such as his hobbies and his natural surroundings.  A further exploration of his thoughts and visions would be beneficial to the overall goal of the storyboard idea.




5. Bjorneboe, Jens.  "Hemingway and the Beasts." 1955.

    13 February 2008.  <http://home.att.net/~emurer/texts/hemingwy.htm>



In this piece of writing, Norwegian writer Jens Bjorneboe writes on Hemingway and looks into the underlying details within the naiveté of the young Nick Adams and the questions he poses in particular stories.  As Bjorneboe lists the questions which are asked by Nick, he also answers them more truthfully than did Nick’s father in the story, “Indian Camp.”  The writer notes the significance of these questions because the boy is “wounded” by fear of violence, pain, and death.  His obliviousness helps him cope with the harshness of life, and his father plays a key role in helping him achieve the naiveté.

Bjorneboe then searches the details of Nick’s psychology when his father kills himself, in another of Hemingway’s stories, by stating that the boy had learned two specific skills from his father: hunting and fishing.  It is with this discovery that Bjorneboe makes an interesting connection, as he writes:

“In ‘Green Hills of Africa’ [Hemingway] asks himself why he has always hunted so much, why he has killed so much.  It was probably not right for him always to be killing animals.  But, he says, if I hadn't killed so many animals I might have killed myself.”

Here, Hemingway has drawn a clear connection between what the character Nick’s father has taught and why he committed suicide, and how it affected the mind of the boy, also coinciding directly with the mind of Hemingway.

            Bjorneboe’s piece, if nothing else, points out faint details which could have been lost but instead are carefully examined and dissected, showing a depth to Hemingway’s short stories.  Such in-depth analysis of both the character and the stories in which he stars has given me a better understanding all-around, and will be incredibly useful when examining “Indian Camp” alone or with Hemingway’s own thought process. 





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