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Bibliography by Jenna Frazier

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Annotated Bibliography Assignment


By Jenna Frazier, Storyboard Project


1. "Adobe Dreamweaver." Adobe. February 13, 2008. <http://www.adobe.com/products/dreamweaver/>


Adobe Dreamweaver is a website-building program downloadable for a 30-day trial or available for purchase which uses HTML code to help users create websites without the requisite time, hassle, and knowledge involved with writing all of their own code. Unlike other similar applications, the program is compatible with both Mac and Windows operating systems, which is ideal for the Storyboard Group's project because group members will be working with a variety of machine brands. By using the layout functions on the program, the group will be able to create uniform and professional-looking web pages which will enhance the organization and aesthetic appeal of their product. The program's easy application of hypertext will also allow them to refer to a variety of external resources, research, analysis, and interpretation, which will enrich viewers' understanding of Hemingway's "Indian Camp" based on the knowledge provided by the storyboard. In addition, Dreamweaver allows integration of other web technology such as Adobe Flash, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Fireworks, and Adobe Contribute which will allow the group to augment the quality of their project by implementing additional resources. The program comes complete with "comprehensive in-product tutorials" (Adobe) which will help neutralize the learning curve for those members of the group who are not familiar with HTML programming or web design, and will help all group members familiarize themselves with the unique and helpful features the program has to offer so that they may make the most of their project.

2. Hemingway, Ernest. "Indian Camp." 1924. 13 February 2008. 


This website contains the full, unabridged text of Ernest Hemingway's "Indian Camp," which is the main text the Storyboard Group will be analyzing and modeling with a project using Dreamweaver. This short story follows one of Hemingway's reappearing protagonists, Nick Adams, as he accompanies his father, Dr. Adams, and his uncle on a trip to a nearby Native American village where a young woman is struggling to give birth. This story can be classified as an "initiation story," where the young Nick confronts adult issues like life, death, birth, pain, suffering, and suicide for the first time. "Indian Camp" is an excellent choice for a storyboard project because it contains many vivid visual images, as well as terse, concise lines typical of Hemingway's style that allow the work to be represented in a chronological, symbolic order. Many of the paramount scenes in "Indian Camp" are ripe for interpretation, analysis, and external research that would lend deeper meaning to the work as a whole. The Storyboard Group plans to use Dreamweaver to create a project that not only portrays superficial qualities of the story such as plot analysis and character descriptions, but also deeper explorations of prevalent themes such as racism and sexism, various symbols, and cultural allusions.

3. Meyers, Jeffrey. "Hemingway's Primitivism and 'Indian Camp.'" Twentieth Century Literature 34.21988 (Feb. 2005): 211-222


Meyers' article explores the prevalent themes of racism and sexism in Ernest Hemingway's "Indian Camp."  He argues that certain elements of the text suggest an unmistakable attitude of racism and sexism among Dr. Adams, which he then passes down to his young son Nick by example.  The article suggests that the white men's behavior towards the Native American woman as she is giving birth, as well as the focus of their attention on the man who commits suicide as opposed to the woman in the throes of painful childbirth, implies simultaneous sexism and racism on behalf of the white, male characters.  This theme also projects itself onto a conception of stoic masculinity, which relates to the way a man reacts to scenes of violence and suffering.  Meyers, as well as other scholars, argue that Hemingway's stories suggest that a man's insensitivity to such traumatic scenes help define character.  Dr. Adams, as the vehicle for transmitting these values to his son, embodies them while Nick struggles to initiate himself into that unfamiliar world.

4. Stevens, Jane. "Multimedia Storytelling." Knight Digital Media Center 2007. Regents of the University of California 2007.


Stevens' article offers a concise, list-formatted guide to creating an effective storyboard project for any given piece of art or literature.  She provides an extremely valuable resource for storyboard creators by offering several pieces of advice to adhere to when deciding on a mission for a storyboard project and choosing which items to include within the storyboard.  Stevens says that the goal of a storyboard is to "define the parameters of a story," "organize and focus a story," and "figure out what medium to use for each part of the story" (Stevens).  These instructions will help the Storyboard Group focus their endeavors in creating a storyboard representation of Hemingway's "Indian Camp" so that they can make their project efficient, organized, and contained for their audience.  Stevens also helps explain what do in the situation that a story is nonlinear, since storyboarding is usually conceived as an abbreviated, chronological tool for reenacting a certain plot.  Stevens also asks crucial questions about what mediums are best for portraying what parts of each story, which will help the Storyboard Group achieve their goal of creating a consolidated compilation of different resource guides in the forms of text, text analysis tools, photography, video, maps, audio, and more.  Stevens also provides an example of a storyboard project for potential creators to reference while they are building their projects.

5. Tyler, Lisa. "'Dangerous Families' and 'Intimate Harm' in Hemingway's 'Indian Camp.'" Texas Studies in Literature and Language 48 (April 2006): 37-53.


This academic article by Lisa Tyler explores "men's responses to violence and their capacity for empathy" as portrayed in various short stories in Hemingway's In Our Time collection, most notably "Indian Camp." Tyler comments on the detachment and insensitivity portrayed by men towards violent acts or scenes of violence on members of disenfranchised groups such as women and Native Americans. The article pays special attention to the themes of suffering, and the young Nick Adams' reaction to the suffering he sees around him. She suggests that a main feature of Hemingway's works is the idea that the manner in which a man responds in these situations, or how violence and suffering affect him, determines his character, personality, and what type of man he really is; indeed, it even determines his survival. Because the Storyboard Group seeks to delve into these deep-rooted subjects of how racism and sexism influence perceived masculinity in "Indian Camp," Tyler's article will be a valuable resource to help interpret various events of the short story on this profoundly thematic level. Her analysis may serve as a point of reference or hypertext within the storyboard, or the project may simply quote her along with other authors during group members' own versions of analysis for the short story. Either way, the ideas she presents are highly relevant to the team's mission for their project and will help them effectively utilize the close-reading she presents to convey a deeper understanding of "Indian Camp" for viewers of the storyboard.


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